Notice in this one, the goal is more to collect personal information from you (which can be used to be sold or for identity theft) and then they proceed to the classic portion of the scam which is to ask you to pay some kind of processing fee in order to get the "big" money.
Given the obvious can't-be-true language in the below email, it astounds me that ANYONE would fall for this old version of the scam anymore and that thousands of these emails are still going out on a regular basis even today. But I suppose the logic is that there really is no cost to send out these emails so it must be an attitude of kind of why not?
From: Mr.Donald Davis (firstname.lastname@example.org)
This is to bring to your notice that a petition has just been filed at our office here at the South African Reserve Bank that you were involved in an advanced fee fraud with regards to a failed transaction past previous transaction. If this is correct, then you are qualified to receive a compensation payment in the amount of Fifteen Million five hundred thousand United States Dollars payable to you upon response to this email in affirmation. Do send a detailed email with the following information for verification:
(i) Your complete name
(ii) Your mailing address
(iii) Your telephone and fax numbers
(iv) A valid picture identification, i.e. driver’s license or international passport
Upon receipt of the above requested information you shall receiver further directives on how to claim your compensation in the amount of 15.5Million(USD) Please note all information received from you shall not be circulated but kept in strictest confidentiality. Do call me on +27-83-432-1161 for further directives
Mr. Donald Davis
Deputy Governor financial stability
South African Reserve Bank.